Through out the first two chapters of Ephesians, we have been seeing Paul go back and forth between what we are in Christ and what we were before Christ.
1 v. 3-14 reminds us of who we are in Christ
1 v.15-17 Paul hopes for us to understand more deeply who we are in Christ and what his desire for us is.
1 v. 18-23 he shows us this power that will help us understand and know Him better, which is the same power that exalts Christ.
2 v. 1-4 reminds us of who we were before Christ, using phrases and words, such as dead, passions of our flesh and children of wrath.
2 v. 4-10 shows us the work that God did and all things we now take part in because of being in Christ.
2 v. 11-12 calls us to remember who we were before Christ, as we were once in the flesh, separated, alienated, strangers, hopeless and without God.
2 v. 13-22 shows us because of Christ, what we are now. We were once far off and now brought close. We were once hostile and now we have peace. We are now one with Him, with the Spirit of God living in us, joining us to the family of God in both heaven and earth. We are no longer strangers and aliens but fellow citizens.